The establishment of Minot Normal School was not an event that happened by chance. It was, instead, the result of two very important phenomena that occurred in North Dakota during the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries. As the nation struggled in economic recession, the Progressive movement was born, intent on steering the nation into social and economic improvement moral rectitude through legislative reform. Education was viewed as a primary method for accomplishing this task. Considerable attention was given to improving the quality of education provided in North Dakota, which resulted in legislation mandating that teachers possess a standard mastery of curriculum in order to teach in common schools across North Dakota.